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Short & Tender
The first HMS Engadine was a seaplane  tender of 1914. She was converted from the  cross-Channel packet ship SS Engadine,  named after the Engadine valley in  Switzerland.  On Christmas Day 1914, her compliment of  three seaplanes took part in the first air raid  from ships at sea when seven seaplanes  from HMS Empress, Engadine and Riviera  bombed Wilhelmshaven, though failed to  find the Zeppelin sheds at Cuxhaven due to  dense fog. She was then modified in 1915 to house four seaplanes and served with the  Grand Fleet until 1917. At Jutland in 1916, one of her aircraft flew  the first heavier-than-air reconnaissance  mission during a naval battle. One of her  Short 184 seaplanes sighted Hipper's  cruiser screen but the Engadine failed to  pass on the aircraft's wireless reports. Later  in the Battle, she took the stricken cruiser  HMS Warrior in tow and saved 600 lives  when it later sank. She was sold back to her  
Air Power at Sea - HMS Engadine and her Short 184 Seaplane’s
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original owners in 1919 and resumed her  prewar role. Short Brothers, the first company in the  world to make production aircraft,  designed the Short seaplane 184 during  World War I at the order of the British  Royal Navy. The maiden flight of the Short  184 took place in April 1915. A month later, the prototype and the first production  aircraft were sent to the Mediterranean. The Short 184 was the first seaplane to be  employed successfully in a naval  engagement, and an official letter written  to Messrs Short Bros with regard to the  work performed by a Short 184 in spotting  enemy ships during the Battle of Jutland in  May 1916 stated: ' . . . the flight made by  Flight Lieut Rutland, with Assistant  Paymaster Trewin, as observer, which Sir  David Beatty praises so highly, was carried  out on a 225hp Short Seaplane.' A Short  184 had previously become the first  aeroplane to sink a ship with a torpedo. First entering service with the RNAS in  early 1915, the Short 184 had a long and  highly successful career and remained  fully active until the Armistice - more than  900 being completed. Its initial power plant  of a 167kW Sunbeam gave rise to the  often quoted incorrect designation Short  225; several different engines were fitted  during the production run. A number of  Short 184s were taken on charge post-war  by other countries.  
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HMS Engadine 
Short 184 Seaplane 184 
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